WHERE THE JOBS ARE (AND ARE NOT)
By Doris Appelbaum
In the three years since the recession started in March, 2001, the private sector lost almost 3 million jobs. Approximately three years after the 1990 recession started, all of the jobs lost during the downturn had come back, plus a few. If the patterns of the past three years persist, it will indicate that the U.S. is losing jobs at a rate of 1 million per year. The main causes include faster productivity growth in manufacturing, a three-year gain of only 2% in U.S. exports, and government attempts to control spending on home health care and nursing homes, industries that employ millions of low-wage Americans. College-educated workers face a threat of competition from better-educated workers around the world but college-educated workers are faring better than anyone else. If you dont have a degree, GET ONE! From September to December, 2003, for example, employment of adult Americans with a college degree rose by more than 700,000, while employment of adults lacking that level of education rose by less than 200,000.
It is not all tragic, though. Job losses often can be overcome as existing industries expand and new ones are created. Jobs, more than ever, depend on the creation of new products and new industries. The hurdles to job creation get even higher if corporate managers remain risk averse and reluctant to invest in new businesses. During the past ten years or so, the prime employment gains came in occupations that rely on people skills and emotional intelligence (nurses and lawyers) and among jobs that require imagination and creativity (designers, architects and photographers). Not all of the new jobs require advanced degrees or exceptional artistic talent; for example, there has been a rise of employment for hair stylists and cosmetologists. Self image is, indeed, important, for job hunters.
Legislative changes passed in 1997 cut government payments to nursing homes and home-health-care agencies -- which employ almost 4 million people -- and severely slowed the growth of jobs in these industries. The same thing is happening at privately run social-assistance programs, (food banks and individual and family services) which employ more than 2 million people. This does not mean that jobs are unavailable; it means that job growth is slower than in other fields.
As existing jobs give way to shifts in technology and trade, the economy (hopefully) will adjust, creating new work that uses new skills and talents. Over time, workers move up a pecking order of human talents they find jobs that demand higher-order skills and offer better pay and working conditions. The pecking order provides a guide to the traits and qualities that will dominate the next employment wave. You the job candidate must research, analyze, and determine what the new economy will require from you and where you will fit in the chain of command.
So, what steps should you take to ensure employment when times are better or your attitude has improved?
¨ Are you willing to accept a simpler lifestyle to increase your career options. If so, you would have more career options to explore.
¨ Identify your career wants and needs which are not negotiable. Convey these to everyone parents, their friends, college alumni, the barber, etc. Your needs might include working for a good cause and a short commute.
¨ Dont underestimate the value of training. Use time effectively to train for your new job or career. Also select one or two experts in your chosen field and ask, What should I read? What workshops should I attend? Would you mind if I shadowed you at work??
¨ Get energetic and passionate! Do an intense, two-week job search. Most people who do their job searches sporadically, perhaps answering one ad per week and telling close friends they're looking, are unlikely to succeed. By compressing your job search into two weeks, you're more likely to:
o Implement it (you can endure almost anything that will be over in two weeks). Only apply for jobs for which you are qualified.
o Receive encouragement within the first few days, because you're making many more inquiries.
o Receive multiple job offers simultaneously.
¨ When you receive the offer, be sure to negotiate wisely. Determine whether you even want the job.
¨ Make the job fit you - tailor the job to your strengths.
¨ Remember Lots Wife! Always look forward shed the bitterness and move on.
Doris Appelbaum, Founder and President of Appelbaum's Resume Professionals, Inc., in Milwaukee, WI, is a professional resume writer and career consultant with 25+ years of experience. She has been quoted as an expert nationwide and has provided career transition services for major corporations and transitioning military. She is a career columnist for many publications and websites. Her career history includes career management for colleges, teaching and training, human resources for a government agency, and employment developmen. She was an honor graduate from Hofstra University with a BA - English/Journalism and an MS - Secondary Education.
Doris Appelbaum, President
Appelbaum's Resume Professionals, Inc.
P. O. Box 804
Milwaukee, WI 53201
Email Doris Appelbaum
Appelbaum's Resume' Professionals, Inc.
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